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What is Programming Language?

The programming language could be described as being a programming language that programmers are able to use to develop software programs, scripts, and other kinds of instructions that computers use to run.

Although many languages share similarities, however, each language has its own syntax for each language. Once a programmer has learned how to use the syntax, rules as well as the syntax of a language, they are able to write source code for a program with the help of a text editor, as well as an IDE. Then, programmers typically convert the code into machine-readable code which can be read by computers. The scripting languages that don’t require the aid of an interpreter employ an interpreter to execute the script. Before we can understand the programming language, let’s understand what is an actual language?

What is Language?

Language is a method of communication that allows people to exchange ideas, thoughts, and ideas thoughts with one the other. For example, if we try to teach an individual to speak in another language it is necessary to have a comprehending language that is comprehended by the two people who are communicating.

It is well-known that the best way to communicate with someone else is to speak an appropriate language. Similar to connecting to computer systems, programmers also require a specific language that is known as a programming language.

What is a Programming Language?

Programming languages are collections of commands, instructions, and additional syntax utilized to create software. The programming languages used by programmers for writing code can be known in the form of “high-level languages. ” The code is then compiled to form the form of a “low-level language,” which is recognized directly by computers’ hardware.

The programming language is described as a language used by programmers (developers) to communicate with computers. It is an instruction set that can be composed in any of the languages ( C, C++, Java, Python) to complete a specific task.

It is a programming language used to develop websites, desktop applications, and mobile apps.

The History of Programming

Many historians believe Ada Lovelace was the first to create a computer program in the middle of the nineteenth century. The mathematician was her name who translated the work of Luigi Federico Menabrea on The Analytical Engine.

The translation is the result of Ada having added numerous notes and created an algorithm to calculate Bernoulli figures for Analytical Engine.

The mathematical work of mathematicians Alonzo Church as well as the Turing machine was among the first introductions of computer code.

The 1920s were the time when the invention of computers was for the first time which was followed by the very first languages for programming. The following century saw technology and machines advance and began to expand also did the variety of programming languages.

What is Programming Language?
What is Programming Language?

Types of Programming Language

In essence, there are three types of programming languages, they are:

  1. Low-level Programming Language
  2. High-level Programming Language
  3. Middle-level Programming Language

1. Low-level Programming Language

Low-level languages are dependent upon machines (0s and 1s) programming languages. The processor is able to run low-level programs directly without the need of the use of an interpreter, compiler or this means that programs written with low-level languages are extremely quick to execute.

The languages at the lower level are further divided into two distinct parts —

i. Machine Language

Machine language is one type of programming language which is low-level. It is also known under various other names, like “object code” or machine code. Machine language is much easier to comprehend because it’s usually presented in binary or in the hexadecimal (base 16) form. It doesn’t require translators to interpret the code, since computers can directly interpret software for machine language.

The advantage of machine language is that it lets the programmer run programs faster than the more sophisticated languages for programming.

ii. Assembly Language

The Assembly Language (ASM) is a low-level programming language that was created for processors. It encodes instructions that are in an understandable and symbolic format that is suitable for human beings. It utilizes an assembler to convert it into machine language.

HTML0 The benefit of using an assembly program is that it requires less memory and takes less time to run a program.

2. High-level programming language

The High-level Programming Language (HLL) has been created to assist in the creation of user-friendly software applications or websites. The software language requires an interpreter or compiler to convert the program into machine technology (execute the program).

The principal advantage of using high-level language is that they are easy to learn to write and use, and to maintain.

Languages for high-level programming comprise Python, Java, JavaScript, PHP, C#, C++, Objective C, Cobol, Perl, Pascal, LISP, FORTRAN, and Swift programming languages.

HTML0The high-level languages may be further subdivided into three parts

i. Procedural Language for Oriented Programming

Procedural Oriented Programming (POP) language originates from structured programming which is founded on the concept of the procedure call. It breaks down a program into smaller steps, which are called “routines” or “functions.

The Procedural Programming languages that are oriented are used by developers of software to write programs. This is done using an editor for programs like IDE, Adobe Dreamweaver, or Microsoft Visual Studio.

The advantage that comes with the POP program is it allows programmers to easily monitor the progress of their program as well as code that can be reused across many aspects of their program.

Example: C, FORTRAN, Basic, Pascal, etc.

ii. Object-Oriented programming language

Object-Oriented Programming (OOP) language is an underpinning language built upon objects. It’s a language for software applications that are split into components known as objects. It is utilized to incorporate real-world concepts like inheritance, polymorphism, abstraction, and so on. inside the program create a program that is repeatable as well as user-friendly.

The most significant advantage of an object-oriented programming program is that OOP is faster and more efficient. It is also less time-consuming to develop, maintain changes as well as troubleshooting.

Example: C++, Java, Python, C#, etc.

iii. Natural language

Natural language is an integral part of the human language family, which includes English, Russian, German, and Japanese. Computers use it to discover how to interpret and manipulate human language. Programmers use it to accomplish tasks such as automated summary, translation, Named Entity Recognition (NER) extraction of relationships, and subject segmentation.

HTML0The most significant benefit to natural language is that it allows users to ask questions about any topic and receive responses in just a few minutes.

3. Middle-level programming language

The middle-level programming language is a middle-level programming system that is located in the middle between programming languages with low levels as well as advanced programming languages. It is also known as an intermediate programming language. It is also called a pseudo-language.

HTML0 The benefits of middle-level programming languages are that they can be utilized to implement advanced programming capabilities and is a very friendly language for users and is tied to both machine and human technology.

Example: C, C++ C++, language


It is possible to explore a variety of fields of programming you can investigate, including web-based game development, mobile systems engineering, and more. Certain fields require formal training, while others are open for self-taught developers.

I hope you find this article interesting.

Read More:

Top 8 Python Testing Frameworks

Programming Languages – What’s Right For You?

Introduction to C++ Programming Language

Installation of C++ Programming Language

Data Types in C++ Programming Language

Importance of Data Structure in Computer Science

Hello, My name is Ruchika and I am a Full Stack Developer from Delhi. I am final year Computer Science student from SLIET University. My technologies are Nodejs, React, MongoDB, and I am also familiar with Python, C, and C++. Apart from technical skills, My hobbies are reading, writing, and traveling. I consider myself a very focused person and I always work towards my goals in a very efficient manner. I am a team player and very optimistic in tough times.



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