Some Current Issues In India. The largest democracy in the world and has made great strides over the past few decades. In purchasing power parity terms, we are the third-largest economy in the world. But, Indians can’t resist the ‘chalta Hai’ (let it all be) common attitude. We have ‘jugaad for all things.
We cannot forget the everyday problems that continue to hinder the progress of our nation. These issues, both social and political, must be considered in order to improve society’s current condition.
It is imperative to immediately address issues such as corruption, crime, and the condition of our roads network. The spread of technology and information is increasing awareness. These problems are being addressed by new organizations. These activists are working tirelessly to eradicate these problems at their root.
What are the major issues facing India today?
Corruption is the most prevalent endemic in India. It must be dealt with quickly and effectively. This disease is found in every office, public and private, across all sectors. It is impossible to know how much economic damage this has caused. While most people are concerned, India’s citizens should not be lacking in action when it comes time to act.
India’s illiteracy rate is alarming. One of the major Issues In India is literacy Although 74.04% of Indians were literate according to the 2011 census, there are large gaps between urban and rural areas as well as male and female populations. Villages are worse than cities.
Although there are a few primary schools in rural India, this problem still persists. Many of those who are considered literate cannot read or write. Education for children alone won’t solve the problem. Many Indian adults are still illiterate.
Every now and again, the Indian education system is accused of being too theoretical but not practical and skill-based. Students learn to get marks and not to acquire knowledge. The colonial masters introduced this so-called modern education system to make servants who could lead but not serve. We still have the same education system. Rabindranath Tagore wrote many articles proposing changes to India’s education system. Yet, success remains
In India, sanitation is a major problem. About 700 million Indians don’t have access to their own toilets. Toilets are not available in slum areas. Many diseases such as diarrhea and cholera are caused by the forced open defecation of slum dwellers.
Parents often refuse to send their children to school because rural schools don’t have toilets. Gandhiji paid attention to this issue, but little was done. These problems are exacerbated by a growing population. The sewage system in Delhi, for example, was built to serve a population of 3 million. Delhi has now more than 14 million people. This is not only the case in Delhi, but all states and regions of India are the same.
Although 12 million toilets have been constructed under Swachh Bharat Abhiyan over the past five years, a UN report shows that 44% of the population still defecates in open. India continues to face challenges with sanitation, solid waste management, and drainage.
The truth is that even the most populous democracy in the world cannot provide adequate healthcare for its entire population. India is becoming a hub of medical tourism, but these facilities are not available for poor residents. India’s healthcare is often overlooked because of the importance of infrastructure, agriculture, and IT.
The main problem in rural India is the lack of resources. 50% of all villages have no access to healthcare providers. The Infant Mortality Rate is 34/1000 live births. India’s lack of nutrition has caused remarkable growth in babies. 36% of Indians have no access to toilets.
According to data from the Planning Commission, India’s population living below the poverty line has declined from 37% in 2004–2005 to 22% by 2011-12. 22% (one in five Indians), lived in extreme poverty in 2011-12. According to World Poverty Clock estimates, this number will drop to 5% in 2022. However, India’s poorest 80% live in villages.
The poorest areas are in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, and Uttar Pradesh. According to World Bank statistics (2016), 43% of the poor are from Scheduled Castes or Scheduled Tribes. The government must immediately address this disparity.
India faces other problems, including pollution and environmental issues. India is making progress, but there are still many challenges. Pollution is a major problem. Water pollution is most often caused by untreated sewerage.
Today, the Ganga and Yamuna rivers rank among India’s most polluted. The same applies to other rivers that run through cities. In addition to the pollution, there is also increased construction and vehicular traffic. India must adopt a sustainable development model.
While both men and women have equal rights, India is behind in freedom and safety for women. Domestic violence, rape, and the representation of women in media must all be addressed immediately.
India must work quickly to improve its infrastructure, including roads and affordable housing, as well as services such as water, sanitation, and primary healthcare.
Youth are very familiar with the problem of unemployment. This is known as unemployment. It is also a situation in which an able-bodied individual is actively searching for work but is unable to find it. The percentage of people who are unemployed in the economy can be calculated by multiplying it by the total number of workers.
India’s government must take steps to eliminate it by creating more opportunities for government and private sector jobs. It must also support the private sector to provide employment to those who truly deserve it. According to 2018 data, the rate of unemployment has risen to 3.53% from the 3.52% in 2017. It will be a problem for society and the economy if it is not addressed immediately.
India is known for its agricultural achievements all over the globe. The sad truth is that farmers in India face too many challenges. These include a lack of basic irrigation equipment, implements, and loans for the short- or long term.
It is an extremely common problem that moneylenders exploit farmers and should be investigated immediately. Every day, there are stories of suicides by farmers. According to the India economic survey 2018, it is expected that the number of farmers in the workforce will drop to 25.7% in 2050, compared to 58.2% in 2001. Agriculture must be revived as soon as possible.
12.Global Protectionism is on the Rise
India is still in the developing phase and on its way to becoming a developed country. With each challenge that comes, its way, our country overcomes it with enthusiasm. India has a number of grievances against developed countries like the US, including the difficulties faced by IT service exporters and the tariffs imposed by the US on exports of steel and aluminum.
The US also placed sanctions on Iran’s crude oil purchase, which could have a negative impact on India’s economy and increase its import bill. India is also under constant threat from tariffs from other countries and is under pressure to open its domestic market. The new government must protect India’s interests from all foreign powers that constantly interfere in every sphere of life.
The government of India must create an environment that encourages private investment, increases consumption, and rapid infrastructural investments. These are the steps that India can take to become a global superpower.