Things you should know about Menstruation (Periods)


In a normal menstrual(periods) cycle the lining of the woman’s uterus is shed. The cycle is part of the reproductive system and helps prepare the body for the possibility of a pregnancy. It’s also known as menses, a period or cycle.

What is the definition of menstruation?

Menstrual bleeding is the monthly loss of the female uterus’s lining (more frequently referred to by the name womb). Menstruation is also referred to as the terms menstrual, cycles, menstrual cycle, or. The menstrual blood — which is mostly blood and a portion of tissue that is derived from the uterus — flows from there through the cervix before flowing from the body via the vagina.

What is an average menstrual cycle?


Menstrual cycles are the term that describes the series of events that take place in the body of a woman in the process of preparing to be ready for becoming pregnant every month. Menstrual cycles are thought to start on the first day of a menstrual cycle. The normal cycle lasts for 28 days but a cycle could last anywhere between 21 days and 35 days.

The phases of the menstrual cycle can be triggered by the fluctuation of the body’s chemicals known as hormones. The pituitary gland within the brain, as well as the ovaries within the reproductive tract of females, make hormones that are released at certain times of the menstrual cycle, which trigger the reproductive organs and tract to react in different ways. The specific actions that take place during the menstrual cycle can be described as follows:

  • The menses stage:This phase, which usually runs from day one until day 5, is that the lining of the uterus actually gets shed via the vagina, even if there is no pregnancy. The majority of women will bleeding for 3 to 5 days, but a menstrual cycle lasting two days up to up to seven days is considered to be normal.
  • The follicular stage: The follicular phase usually occurs between days 6 to 14. At this point the amount of estrogen increases which results in the lining of the inside of the uterus (called”endometrium”) to expand and thicken. In addition, another hormone–follicle-stimulating hormone–causes follicles in the ovaries to grow. In the period between days 10-14 one of the growing Follicles will grow into a matured egg (ovum).
  • Ovulation : This period occurs around 14 days into the menstrual cycle of 28 days. An abrupt increase in another hormone, luteinizing hormone, causes the ovary’s lining to release its eggs. This is known as ovulation.
  • The luteal stage: This stage lasts between day 15 and day 28. Once the egg has been released from the ovary , it starts to move through the fallopian tubes until the uterus. The amount of hormone progesterone increases to prepare the lining of the uterus to be ready to be able to support pregnancy. When the egg is fertilized through sperm, and then attaches in the wall of the uterus the woman will become pregnant. If the pregnancy doesn’t occur hormone levels for estrogen and progesterone decrease and the liner of the uterus gets shed during menstrual cycle.

When does menstrual flow generally begin?

The first time women begin menstruating is at around 12 years old. Girls can start menstruating as young as 8 years old or up to 16 years old. Menopausal women stop menstruating after menopausal and this occurs around fifty-one. Menopausal women cease to produce eggs (stop Ovulating). Menopausal is the term used to describe a year without menstrual cycles or periods, and at that point, women are unable to be pregnant.

What are the symptoms of menstrual cycles that are normal?

  • Moodiness
  • Trouble sleeping
  • Food cravings
  • The lower abdominal region is prone to cramps. as well as the back
  • Bloating
  • Breasts that are tender
  • Acne

What signs could suggest a need to speak with my doctor regarding my period?

Speak to your doctor if:

  • Menstrual cycle has not begun until you reach the age of 16.
  • Your period abruptly stops
  • You’ve been bleeding for longer days than normal
  • You are bleeding more than normal
  • You are suffering from severe pain during your period.
  • There is bleeding in between your periods.
  • Then you feel sick after taking the tampons

Should I Use a Pad, Tampon, or Menstrual Cup?


There are many options on the best way to manage periods of blood. You might have to try a few different methods to discover which method is most effective for you. Some women use one method while others shift between several techniques.

The majority of women wear pads at the time they get their period. Pads are made from cotton and are available in a variety of sizes and shapes. They are made of sticky strips that are attached to underwear.

Many women discover that tampon is better than pads, particularly when they are playing sports or swimming. A tampon is a plug that girl puts in her vagina. The majority of tampons have an applicator that helps guide the tampon in its right it’s place. The tampon sucks up blood. Do not leave a tampon on for longer than eight hours as this could increase the risk of contracting a severe infection known as toxic shock syndrome.

Some women prefer a menstrual cup. The majority of menstrual cups are made out of silicone. When using a menstrual cup the woman inserts it inside her vagina. It will hold the blood until she empties it.

How Much Blood Comes Out?

  • It could appear as an excessive amount of blood, however, the average woman loses a couple of tablespoons of blood throughout the entire menstrual cycle. The majority of women have to change their pads or tampon cup every 3-6 times per daily.

Will I Have Periods for the Rest of My Life?

  • As women enter menopausal (around age 45 to 55) menstrual cycles will cease permanently. Women will also not have menstrual cycles while pregnant.

What Is PMS?

  • PMS (premenstrual syndrome) is when a female suffers from physical and emotional symptoms that occur prior to or during the period. The symptoms include sadness, moodiness anxiety as well as bloating and acne. The symptoms fade within the first few days of menstrual cycle.

What Can I Do About Cramps?

Woman having a stomachache, poisoning or period pain and lying on bed concept vector illustration. Menstrual cramps. Female relief pain with hot water bag.
  • A lot of women experience cramps during their period, particularly during the initial few days. If you are experiencing cramps Try:
    • A warm heating pad placed on your belly
    • Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin, or store brand) or naproxen (Aleve or store brand)

Should I Watch for Any Problems?

  • Most women don’t have problems with their period. But consult your physician If you are:
    • You’re 15 and you haven’t had your period yet.
    • Have you been experiencing your period for over two years but it hasn’t been a regular event (about every 4 to 5 weeks)
    • are bleeding during periods
    • suffer from severe cramps that won’t heal with ibuprofen or naproxen
    • are very bleeding (bleeding that passes through the pad or tampon more than once every hour)
    • Have periods that last for more than one week
    • suffer from severe PMS that can get impeding your normal routine

Read More: Benefits Of Aloe Vera


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here