Indian culture is among the oldest in the world; Civilization in India began about 4,500 years ago. Many sources describe it as “Sa Prathama Sanskrati Vishvavara” – the world’s first and highest tradition, according to the All World Gayatri Pariwar (AWGP).
Western societies did not always understand Indian culture. Early anthropologists once viewed culture as a process of evolution, and “all aspects of human development seem to be driven by evolution,” he told Live Science.
“In this sense, communities outside of Europe or North America, or communities that did not follow the European or Western way of life, were considered as ancient and traditional. This included most of the colonized countries, such as Africa, India, and the Far East.”
However, the Indians made great strides in construction (Taj Mahal), mathematics (zero production), and medicine (Ayurveda).
Today, India is a very diverse country, with a population of over 1.2 billion, making it the second-most populous country after China.
Different regions have different cultures. religion, language, food, art, mathematics, historical buildings are among the various aspects of Indian culture.
Here is a brief look at Indian culture
1. The language
India has 28 countries and seven locations, according to the World Health Organization. There is no official language in India, according to a 2010 Supreme Court ruling in Gujarat, although Hindi is the official language of the state. The Constitution of India officially recognizes 23 official languages.
Many people in India write about the Devanagari text. It is a misconception that most people in India speak Hindi only. Although the majority of the population speaks Hindi in India, 59 percent of Indians speak other than Hindi, according to The Times of India. Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, and Urdu are some of the languages spoken in the country.
Sanskrit, an ancient Indo-European language often referred to in action movies, originated in North India. How language comes into play there has been controversial among linguists. Share many similarities in English, French, Farsi, and Russian.
A new DNA study in 2017 found that Aryan invasions may signal the beginning of Sanskrit. “People have been debating the existence of Indo-European languages in India for centuries,” said one of the study’s co-authors, Martin Richards, a florist at the University of Huddersfield in England.
“There has been a very long debate about whether Indo-European languages have been imported from foreigners, which many linguists would accept, or if they have traditionally changed.” [Aryan Attack Can Change Indian Bronze-Age People]
India is identified as the birthplace of Hinduism and Buddhism, the third and fourth-largest religions. About 84 percent of the population identifies themselves as Hindus, according to the “Handbook of Research on Development and Religion,” edited by Matthew Clarke (Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013).
There are many variations of Hinduism, with four major sects – Shaiva, Vaishnava, Shakteya, and Smarta.
About 13% of Indians are Muslim, making it one of the largest Muslim countries in the world. Christians and Sikhs make up a small percentage of the nation, and very few Buddhists and Jains, according to the “Handbook.”
The CIA cited similar figures. According to its World Factbook, about 80 percent of the population is Hindu, 14.2 percent Muslim, 2.3 percent Christian, 1.7 percent Sikh, and 2 percent unrecognized.
When the Mughal Empire invaded in the middle of the sixteenth century, they had a major contribution to Indian food, according to Texas A&M University. Indian cuisine is influenced by many countries. It is known for its variety of dishes and the ease of use of herbs and spices. Cooking styles vary from region to region.
Rice, wheat, and pulses, chana, jowar, and bajra are important ingredients for Indian cuisine. Foods are rich in curries and spices, including ginger, coriander, cardamom, turmeric, hot dry peppers, and cinnamon, among others. Chutneys – thick condiments and spreads made from fruits and vegetables mixed with tamarind and tomatoes as well as mint, cilantro, and other herbs – are widely used in Indian cuisine.
Most Hindus eat only vegetables, but lamb and chicken are common in large non-vegetable dishes. Guardians report that between 20 and 40 percent of Indians do not eat vegetables.
Most Indian foods are eaten with fingers or bread used as dishes. There is a variety of bread served with food, including naan, boiled yeast, baked in the oven; and bhatoora, a flat, fried bread common in North India and eaten with chickpea curry.
4. Architecture and Art
A well-known example of Indian architecture is the Taj Mahal, built by Mughal emperor Shah Jahan in honor of his third wife, Mumtaz Mahal. It incorporates elements from Muslim, Persian, Ottoman, Turkish, and Indian architectural styles. India also has many ancient temples.
India is best known for its film industry, often referred to as Bollywood. The history of South African movies began in 1896 when the Lumière brothers exhibited the art of cinema in Mumbai, according to the Golden Globes. Today, movies are known for their lively singing and dancing.
Indian dance, music, and theater practices originated more than 2,000 years ago, according to Nilima Bhadbhade, author of “Contract Law in India” (Kluwer Law International, 2010).
The great traditions of ancient dance – Barata Natyam, Kathak, Odissi, Manipuri, Kuchipudi, Mohiniattam, and Kathakali – draw themes from myths and books and have strict rules for presenting them.
A study published in April 2016 in the Journal of Indian Ocean Archeology found that some Indian horns have many similarities with horns made in Ireland.
This study is likely to suggest that the two countries may have exchanged ideas and techniques for making musical instruments during the Bronze Age.
“Some horns speak shockingly to the point that it is almost like walking away,” said research writer Billy Ó Foghlú, a paleontologist and doctoral student at Australian National University in Canberra, who told Live Science.
“If I could find one of these ancient Indian artifacts in the Irish area and I don’t know what I was looking for, I might think it is an old Bronze Age Irish thing.” [The Wonders of Ancient Irish Iron Horns]
Indian clothing is closely associated with the colorful saris worn by most of the country’s women. Traditional men’s clothing is the dhoti, a non-woven cloth tied around the waist and legs.
The men also wear a kurta, a loose-fitting shirt worn at the knee. In special cases, men wear sherwani or achkan, which is a long coat with a lapel-free collar.
He is bound until the collar drops to his knees. The shorter sherwani type is called the Nehru jacket. It is named after Jawaharlal Nehru, India’s prime minister from 1947 to 1964, but Nehru did not wear Nehru’s coat. He chose the achkan, according to Tehelka, an Indian newspaper. The Nehru jacket is marketed mainly by Westerners.
Indian culture is all about various types of people with their religions and culture but we all are Indians, who stay together in the same country.